Is Apple A Bad Apple?

By , April 7, 2014 5:53 am

Green America, located in Washington, DC, is a wonderful organization and helps most of us with its vigorous vigilance over health problems about which many people are not aware. Green America has just come out with a very strong criticism of Apple, Inc. Green America asserts that Apple is showing a reckless and dangerous disregard for human health. The organization asserts that Apple’s supplier factories in Asia expose its workers to chemicals like benzene and n-hexane causing their workers routinely to develop debilitating nerve damage and leukemia. Green America then asserts that if the employees receive any medical attention at all, they are likely to be sent to hospitals that are controlled by the factories. Their symptoms are then ignored or downplayed. They can be denied proper care and the whole scandal is covered up.

Green America continues that what is even worse about this situation is that the leukemia that many of these workers contract is roughly 80% curable in the West with proper medication. Finally, the workers and their families seldom receive proper compensation for their injuries. They are frequently returned back to work or to their villages with devastating health effects that may last their lifetimes.

Green America is starting a program called “Stop the Bad Apple.” They want you and me to contact Apple and urge two concrete steps.

1) Stop the use of benzene and other dangerous chemicals in their smartphone supply chain as a first step to ending labor abuse in the electronics-manufacturing sector.

2) Create a fund to pay for the medical treatment of Apple factory workers harmed by handling benzene.
Green America asserts that these problems can be resolved by Apple diverting $1.00 from each phone sold into this program. They assert that Apple generated profits of over $37 billion dollars just last year and are currently sitting on an estimated $146 billion in cash and marketable securities.

Green America is not boycotting Apple itself. Life without a cellphone is becoming to be very difficult, but at least with the huge profits of this giant corporation there needs to be a greater sense of justice for the people who are laboring to produce our cell phones.

This approach to bad advertising for large corporations has proven to be successful. Remember the abused employees in Nike factories in Asia? Hershey’s, Proctor & Gamble, General Mills and Home Depot chose to transform the way they did business, rather than suffering from the charge of injustice and exploitation of the poor. Green America says that you and I can make the difference. Let’s try.

You can support and learn more about the Bad Apple campaign at Why not send a note of encouragement to Green America as well. You can contact them at: Green America, 1612 K Street, NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20006, 800-58-GREEN,

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Jesus Loves His Friends

By , April 5, 2014 4:48 am

April 6th, Fifth Sunday of Lent

Oh, today’s Gospel! This is one of my favorite texts in the entire bible whether you are talking about Old or New Testaments. Today’s Gospel excerpt is drawn from the 11th chapter of St. John’s Gospel and for me it is wonderfully meaningful. The whole thrust of this Gospel is John, communicating to the first generation of the life of the Church, his memory what Jesus revealed about himself.

Sometimes our Lord communicated with words and other times just extraordinary actions. Today I am making reference to what I consider a wonderful extraordinary aspect of the life of Jesus of Nazareth. That is the fact that he was a MAN.
Members of the Christian community always recognize that Jesus is God dealing with us through a human nature. We know that. We believe that. But can we get our arms around it? Can our limited brains really grasp the awesome reality that within this Jewish carpenter from Nazareth the Godhead dwelt?

Well, today’s text really helps us to go in that direction. You know the story so well. Jesus goes to visit his friends Mary, Martha and Lazarus but on arriving, he is told that Lazarus died several days before. The text says that he was “troubled in spirit, moved by the deepest emotions” and then listen to this, he began to WEEP!

Did we all catch that? Jesus of Nazareth is weeping. This Divine Presence is torn by emotions, saddened and filled with a sense of loss. Can we really grasp that? I think the principle underlying the scene is that Lazarus was a friend of Jesus. Jesus liked him. Jesus was crushed on learning of Lazarus’ death. I like to transfer that concept to the rest of us. Yes, we are followers of Jesus, yes, we believe in him, but do we really see him as our friend? What a gift.

If we live a good life and if we do the things I just mentioned, we are his friends. Would your acquaintances be impressed if you were at a meeting and they announced that the president of the United States has called for you and has asked you to return the call? Would it seem important to you if it were only the governor or the mayor? My friends, if we are living a good life, we are the friends of Jesus. There is nothing better than that.

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More On Lumen Gentium

By , April 4, 2014 4:46 am

I offered a few comments the other day on that extremely important document, the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church (Lumen Gentium), and I talked about the fact that there are many aspects of the Church that qualify the Church itself as being a mystery. The document goes on to discuss the structural nature of the Church, namely that it is hierarchical and the great reality of the Church’s membership, namely that it is overwhelmingly, yes overwhelmingly, made up of lay people.

In the few paragraphs that I have here, I can’t do a dissertation of the fact that the Church we see in the New Testament enjoys various levels of responsibilities. Jesus called the apostles and he sent them forward to preach his message. Once they established a community of faith in a given area, the apostles provided leadership, coordination and direction. After establishing a church, Paul put men that he had ordained in charge of those churches since he had to keep moving to spread the Gospel. Therefore, I have no doubt that the Church is by its very nature hierarchical but I think that over the centuries, especially in the second millennium, the hierarchical aspects of the Church have been exaggerated, made too rigid and regretfully counterproductive.

Our blessed new Pope Francis has been working hard in his first year to awaken us to the need to strip down the exaggerated signs of hierarchy and prestige that at times have been abused in the Church. And he is making great progress.
Next in Lumen Gentium comes the section on the laity. The document makes a great step forward and that is about the best that could be done at that time. However, what we are seeing now is a wonderful, glorious change where the laity across the world are beginning to assert responsibilities, opportunities and challenges that flow from baptism and confirmation.
These two entities are currently interacting and we can be sure that we will see a certain amount of friction.

Onward through the fog.

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Moving Faster in Texas

By , April 3, 2014 4:44 am

About 25 years ago, I had the opportunity to travel with the Bishops of Texas to a wonderful part of France, the area around Lyon. When the Catholic Church in Texas was getting started in the 1840’s, ‘50’s and ‘60’s, the first bishops and most of its priests were from this area and we should all be grateful to those early missionaries. There were many aspects of that trip that made strong impressions on me. There were about 22 of us and we visited four villages to celebrate Mass in the birthplaces of the first two bishops of Galveston-Houston and one in what is today the Archdiocese of San Antonio. The little local paper ran a headline saying, The Texans are coming – the Texans are coming! It was a wonderful experience both for the villagers and for the Texas Bishops.

Most of those impressions were, of course, of a religious nature but I was also in awe of the fast trains! Remember, this was 25 years ago but the trains were already moving at 225 mph. We got from Paris to Lyon very quickly.

Fast trains have been used a great deal both in Japan and other Western European countries but not in the United States. Efforts have been made to develop them in California but they have not been successful. Now there is a great deal of talk about bringing fast trains to Texas. Austin sits in the middle of the great Texas triangle of Houston, Dallas and San Antonio. Those cities represent more than half of the population of Texas. Wouldn’t it be wonderful if we could get back and forth to any one of them in less than an hour?

I am not in the railroad business and I don’t travel very much anymore, but I would love to see Texas lead in the competition for high speed rail.

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The Church is a Mystery

By , April 2, 2014 5:43 am

The Second Vatican Council is now a little more than fifty years behind us. What an awesome event it was, and how it challenged the Universal Church to endeavor to review its ministerial effectiveness and make needed adaptations so that its ministry to the human family could be more effective. For about half of those fifty years, there was real progress and then a reaction set in. While most of the work of the Council was still on the drawing boards, determined efforts to slow it down were strong and destructively effective.

Then comes Pope Francis! All over the world, there is renewed hope that we will begin to move forward forcefully, not only to revivify the work of the Council, but to move with faith and confidence into a yet unknown future.

I have often encouraged people to go back and restudy the more powerful documents that emanated from the Council between 1962 and 1965. While we are in this recovery period, I am going to make sure that I do the same thing myself. The first document that I have gone back to is the awesomely important one called the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church (Lumen Gentium) . It was promulgated in November of 1964. It is a rather lengthy document and, given my always limited space here on this blog, I will have to practice verbal discipline, which is always difficult for an Irishman, especially since we are still quite close to St. Patrick’s Day.

The first important position point is the fact that the Council Fathers reminded Catholics across the world that the Church, begun by Jesus of Nazareth, guided by the Holy Spirit and inviting the whole human family into it, is in fact an awesome MYSTERY while at the same time, the Church, in terms of its membership, is all too human and there is nothing mysterious about that.

The Church is a mystery in that it originates in God’s plan. It is set up by Jesus of Nazareth. He begins it himself by teaching tens of thousands of people for three years and calling them, and all of us as well, to walk in his footsteps. The Church is a mystery because its prime director is not this bishop or that pope or the local pastor, but nothing other than the Holy Spirit who sanctifies it by its presence and guidance. The church is mysterious in that its inner life is formed, not by organizations, structures, leaders or plans, but by the saving grace of Jesus of Nazareth.
In our day by day life, going to Mass on Sunday, seeing our grandchildren baptized, receiving the Eucharist or the other Sacraments, we need to be conscious that we are living and acting and being affected by this mysterious reality, the Church itself.

As we move forward towards Easter, let us try to concentrate more clearly on the awesomeness of this mystery.

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A Good Night a St. Edwards’s

By , April 1, 2014 4:22 am

Last Wednesday night, St. Edward’s University was honored to have Bishop Robert W. McElroy, Auxiliary Bishop of San Francisco, as the speaker in the McCarthy Lecture Series on the Catholic Church in the 21st Century: “Swords into Plowshares: Catholic Teaching and America’s Role in the World.”

Bishop McElroy has been a forceful spokesperson on behalf of peace over the last few years and has written a number of articles for America magazine. In his opening remarks, McElroy stated the obvious but frightening fact that the central foundation of America’s recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq was the tragically misguided belief that America can ennoble the world through warfare. Coming from the other direction, the bishop reviewed the pacifist tradition within Roman Catholicism and then went on to develop in some detail the “just war” tradition. However, he pointed out that in the last century Catholic teaching has dramatically strengthened the presumption against war. In addition, he stated that today’s Catholic teachings condemn most of the major decision-making that has led to 13 years of war in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Bishop McElroy urged his listeners to reject a threatening new isolationism present in the country today and to embrace and work for the Catholic theology of war, which is embedded in a vision of peace.

While describing the agony and suffering that comes from war, the bishop reversed it and told that by turning “swords into plowshares” the agonizing poverty of the world and the unjust and meaningless hunger could be eradicated with but a fraction of the resources now being used for killing human beings. Bishop McElroy used the example that was taking place under the crisis in Crimea giving his listeners an extra interest in his remarks.

I personally want to thank Bishop McElroy for journeying from the distant world of California to the heart of Texas. During his brief visit he was able to make many new friends. May God continue to bless him and his wonderful work.

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Old Country Expressions

By , March 31, 2014 5:58 am

When I was a kid, the population of the United States of America was already well over half urbanized, but for millions of adults living in the city their roots and memories were back on the farm. I can remember many expressions back then that were sort of meaningless unless you could see the world through a farmer’s eyes. One of those expressions was “hold your horses!” and another one was “good fences make good neighbors.” That first expression merely was a way of saying “slow down and get control of yourself.” The line about fences was referring to the fact that well-maintained fences kept livestock from getting mixed up with your neighbors or his mixed up with yours. Good fences avoided unnecessary and sometimes dangerous arguments.

What was true in rural America is still true in the world today as far as natural boundaries are concerned. Look at Spain and France. You never hear of a conflict between them because the Pyrenees Mountains are a marvelous divide that keeps these two nationalities not only physically but psychologically separated and divided.

About two weeks ago, I wrote about the fact that there are so many divided countries in the world and that this almost always leads to tension. One of those divisions, and it is dominating the news stories today, is the Ukraine. Russia has already gobbled up the Black Sea Peninsula and the West is concerned that it may go for more of Ukraine proper.

Ukraine is very divided. The western half is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic. In the east, the Orthodox Church is dominant. Secondly, the west is composed to a very great extent, as you would expect, of ethnic Ukrainians. While there are plenty of them in the east, there is also the problem of a very large Russian population. These are double dividers and when you have those factors present, there is very real risks of conflict.

Russia seems to be interested in having neat boundaries and there is a real threat that she might occupy eastern Ukraine. At present the tension is very serious but actions like that will remind the West of September 1939. There is a boundary problem but let’s pray that it does not lead to tragedy.

Let’s pray that this conflict passes over and peace will reign supreme.

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David…God-like and So, So Human

By , March 29, 2014 5:51 am

March 30th, Fourth Sunday of Lent

It is hard to imagine that anyone who would be fortunate enough to be able to visit Florence, Italy would go there and not enter that wonderful building where Michelangelo’s statue of David is enthroned. Enthroned is the right word! It stands magnificently in the rear of the building and although there are other objects of art within those walls, Michelangelo’s magnificent statue generates awe and wonder to all who behold it. Michelangelo more or less idealizes David in perfect human form.

There is nothing wrong with that because the first reading of today’s Scripture from the Book of Samuel describes David as handsome to behold and making a splendid appearance. It is God’s plan that this young shepherd boy, called in by the Prophet Samuel, be anointed as the king of God’s people. This would produce a little tension. Saul was firmly in control of the Israelites.

Then begins the story of David and it is a wonderfully human story filled with courage, action, heroism, great accomplishments and tragically destructive sinfulness. Here we are late in Lent and I think it is important that we see David, not as a dim figure in our historic past, but something of a shadow that hovers over each one of us. The Church has always taught that human nature is essentially good but weak, and during Lent we celebrate our goodness but must do it in the context of an awareness of that weakness. Yes, we fulfill our basic responsibilities to our family, to our community but we are all rough around the edges. We are brittle, hypersensitive, short-sighted and sometimes very selfish. Lent calls us to look at those weaknesses, to attempt to smooth over the rough edges and march forward with a calm confidence that we are about to join in the Resurrection.

Onward to Easter.

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Reaction From The Right

By , March 28, 2014 5:12 am

Many times I have pointed out in this space that Pope Francis is manifesting great determination to make the day-to-day structuring in the Church more sensitive and more effectively pastoral. He has done that time and time again, not only by his words and directions, but also by his simple, loving manner of dealing with the people.

He has convened the bishops of the world to a special Synod to be held in Rome in October of this year and he has let us know that the Synod must consider many pastoral problems, not the least of which is the question of committed Catholics, living in civil unions, being denied the Eucharist as they are today. I have been raising this topic for my entire priestly life and so I am thrilled to see that the Church is going to make an effort to deal with this important issue.
Do not be surprised, however, that the right wing is manifesting vigorous opposition to any changes in our present pastoral policies. Cardinal Gerhard Ludwig Müller, who is head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, has stated that this change cannot be made. Happily, other bishops, including Cardinal Oscar Rodriguez Maradiaga in Honduras, have challenged Cardinal Müller pointing out with a bit of humor that since Cardinal Müller is a German Theologian, he can only see black and white and never anything in-between. Other Church leaders are also supporting the possibility of a pastoral solution to this long-time problem.

Now comes Dr. Robert Fastiggi, a professor of systematic theology at Detroit’s Sacred Heart Major Seminary. Fastiggi does not challenge the pope directly but rather goes after Cardinal Walter Kasper who gave a lengthy talk to introduce a February 20-21 discussion by the College of Cardinals on family life. Cardinal Kasper is conscious of the fact that priests all over the world are providing pastoral solutions based on individual cases rather than using the formality of an ecclesiastical Tribunal and there seems to be a greater acceptance of this temporary solution. Fastiggi challenges that and states that an ecclesiastical Tribunal could handle these cases more effectively studying them from afar and on the basis of written documents rather than a priest in direct contact with the couple. My guess is that Fastiggi thinks that the world operates with the neatness and simplicity of a classroom.

Onward through the fog, but the fog is beginning to lift thanks be to God.

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Solitary Confinement in Texas

By , March 27, 2014 5:10 am

The State of Texas has the largest prison population in the United States and possibly the largest in the world. At the present time there are approximately 123,000 persons in the prison system of the TDC.

It is tragic that so many of our citizens find themselves at odds with the laws of our country but, of course, it is also a fact that from time to time people are convicted unfairly or receive inordinate incarceration sentences. That is the human condition and while we should always be sensitive of the need to improve the prison system, there is one thing that I would like to bring to your attention today.

Can you imagine that 7,100 of our fellow citizens are sitting in solitary confinement? These prisoners are allowed out of their cells for one hour a day for exercise but those other 23 hours they are starkly alone. Have you ever been in a hotel room when you are caught there in-between planes? It is boring, boring, boring. Remove the window, take out the television set, take those pictures off the wall and you would find that this hotel room turns into a real prison. But that is alright. Your plane will leave in three hours and you can get out of the hotel.
Not so the prisoners. They spend hour after hour of timeless, boring days looking at those walls. This is a cruel policy that has been born out of the birth of the need to control possibly violent inmates. It may very well be that in this case or that case such punishment is required. But 7,100!

Happily, prison systems all over the country are finally beginning to realize the destructiveness of solitary confinement. These states, such as New York, Colorado, Washington and Mississippi, have set up new policies and have dramatically dropped the number of the so incarcerated.

One aspect of this is really frightening. Each year, in the State of Texas 1,200 inmates are discharged directly from solitary confinement and released straight to the streets without some type of orientation or rehabilitation. This is really dangerous. If they are too dangerous to be freely allowed to move around the prison, how can they be released straight to the streets?

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